Few people take their first dose of a drug-- legal or illegal-- with the hope of getting addicted. For 2009, the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reports that 23.5 million people sought some form of treatment for drug and alcohol problems. Of course, individual physiology and psychological makeup have much to do with how quickly addiction can take hold and with the amount consumed prior to crossing the unseen line from freedom to enslavement.
While every distinct instance may vary in time frame and intensity of dependence, a few patterns are widespread among the total pool of drug abusers. From the testimonies of addicted people and those who treat them, clinicians are able to recognize benchmarks for the phases of substance addiction.
Experimenting With Drugs
Addiction does not have to start in adolescence. Even seniors may use alcohol or drugs to take the edge off loneliness. Without a honest self-assessment-- an honest analysis of the symptoms of drug addiction-- a person may pass unwittingly into the more severe stages of drug addiction.
Taking a drug or other substance on a consistent basis does not necessarily lead an individual into addiction. Some can use a drug regularly for a period of time and after that terminate its use with negligible distress. Should the timeframe extends indefinitely and the strength of dosages intensify too, regular use can change right into substance addiction.
While the stages of drug addiction are passed through, the individual's personal decisions and behavior get increasingly risky, both to herself or himself and other people. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported that 28.4 percent of young adults between the ages of 21 and 25 drove under the influence of illicit drugs in 2009.
• Operating a vehicle while under the influence of a depressant
• Spending money irresponsibly to obtain the drug
• Defensiveness in conversation
• Adjustments in appearance.
Adjustments in appetite, memory failure and degrading coordination are also indicators of substance abuse. The line of demarcation seperating unsafe consumption and addiction is thin and difficult to differentiate. Securing help for oneself or somebody you love should not be delayed at this phase.
Of all the stages of drug addiction, dependence and use are the most challenging to separate. The disastrous penalties of drug abuse are already evident in addiction.
Through it all, though, the dependent stands apart from the addict by satisfying sufficient responsibilities to preserve the essential structure of his or her life. Even though the trajectory of drug abuse stages remains headed downward, the appearance of normalcy persists.
If changes are not initiated-- and aid is not looked for-- the stages of substance addiction result in the most serious phase: addiction itself. Here the user is psychologically and physically bonded to continual consumption of the substance or alcohol. The point of brain disease is achieved and the patient undergoes many destructive consequences of long-term drug abuse. The cardiovascular system and circulatory process can be imperiled, as can the respiratory tract. Immunity is compromised, allowing hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and several types of cancer to devestate the addict. Brain damage and dementia can also take place.
Since the addiction is of both body and mind, withdrawal signs and symptoms are best supervised and cared for by knowledgeable medical professionals. When the addictive compound has left the physical body, the substance abuser can work with psychotherapists to isolate the root causes and character of the addiction.
sons of liberty
Without a candid self-assessment-- an sincere evaluation of the signs of substance addiction-- an individual can pass unknowingly into the more intense stages of drug addiction.
Taking a drug or other chemical substance on a consistent basis does not necessarily lead someone into addiction. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health declared that 28.4 percent of young adults in between the ages of 21 and 25 drove under the influence of illegal drugs in 2009. Of all the stages of drug dependence, use and addiction are the most difficult to demarcate. If adjustments are not initiated-- and aid is not gotten-- the stages of substance addiction draw a person to the most harmful stage: addiction itself.
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